The interdisciplinary research conducted in the NET Lab is centered on answering the following key questions about the nature of internally-guided cognition:
1) What are the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying spontaneous and deliberate internally-guided cognition?
2) What are the factors that determine whether internal thoughts can be helpful versus unhelpful?
3) How are internally-guided processes regulated by top-down control mechanisms, and what is the role of executive function in mind-wandering?
4) How do internally-guided processes change throughout the lifespan?
5) How do internally-guided processes become dysfunctional in mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety?
6) Can we improve the quality of our internally-guided thoughts with interventions such as mindfulness meditation or exercise?